Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence (1806-1857) was a British soldier who went to India in 1823 to join the Bengal Artillery. He served in the 1st Burma War. He also served in the 1st Afghan War and the 1st Sikh War after which he became British Resident at Lahore and Agent to the Governor-General for the North West Frontier. He founded the Lawrence Military Asylum.
He was Chief Commissioner of Oudh when the Indian Mutiny broke out and commander of the garrison in the First Siege of Lucknow. He was wounded and died in the first few days of the siege. His tomb is in the Residency cemetery.
Historical books online
- Lives of Indian Officers Vol II by John William Kaye 1867 Henry Lawrence archive.org
- The defence of Lucknow: a diary recording the daily events during the siege of the European Residency by a Staff Officer 1858 Death of Lawrence Google Books
- Sir Henry Lawrence, the Pacificator by Lieut.-General J J McLeod Innes 1898 Archive.org.
- Lawrence of Lucknow 1806-1857 being the life of Sir Henry Lawrence retold from his private and public papers by J L Morison 1934. Archive.org, K.K. Venugopal Collection.
- Honoria Lawrence: a Fragment of Indian History by Maud Diver 1936 Archive.org. Honoria Lawrence was married to Sir Henry in 1837, an Army officer (Bengal Artillery) who then worked for the Revenue Survey, until he returned to the Army in 1838, then became a Political assistant.