92nd Regiment of Foot

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Known as The Gordon Highlanders.


  • 1794 raised by the 4th Duke of Gordon as the 100th Regiment of Foot
  • 1798 became 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
  • 1881 amalgamated with the 75th Regiment of Foot to become the 2nd Battalion Gordon Highlanders
  • 1994 amalgamated with The Queens' Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons) to form The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons)
  • 2004 amalgamated with the other Scottish infantry regiments into the single Royal Regiment of Scotland

Service in British India

First World War

The 1st Garrison Battalion Gordon Highlanders . Garrison battalions were made up of soldiers unfit for front line duty.

The 1st Garrison battalion was formed in 1916 in the UK for service in India and did not exist before that time. It was known as 12th Battalion for a short time. It moved to Blairgowrie before going in January 1917 to India.[1] The battalion served in India until 1920, when it was brought back to England and disbanded.

There were many deaths due to heatstroke in the summer of 1918, when the Battalion was based at Rawalpindi.[2]

Some of the soldiers who served in the Garrison Battalions in India served on the North West Frontier in Afghanistan in 1919, almost certainly along the lines of communication.[3] Private Alexander Miller was one of those who served with the 1st Garrison Battalion of the Gordon Highlanders in the Third Afghan War.[4]

Regimental histories

The Life of the Regiment: the history of the Gordon Highlanders is available in many volumes at the British Library.
Volumes 1 and 2 cover the history to 1898 and are available online, see below.
Volume 3 by A. D. Greenhill Gardyne covers the period 1898 to 1914. (1939)
Volume 4 by Cyril Falls covers the period 1914-1919. (1958). There is also a reprint edition titled The Gordon Highlanders in the First World War, 1914-1919.
Volume 5 by Wilfrid Miles covers the period 1919-1945 (1961, reprinted 1980). What is probably a still later reprint edition is titled The Gordon Highlanders in the Second World War
Volume 6 by Christopher Sinclair-Stevenson covers the period 1945-1970 (1974)
Volume 7 by D M Napier covers the period 1969-1994 (2010)
Volume 8 1787-1994 The People who made the regiment by D M Napier (2016)
Volume 9 1787-1994 The Events that shaped the regiment by D M Napier (2017)

Regimental journal

  • The Tiger and Sphinx, or Gordon Highlanders’ Chronicle. The British Library has issues 5 (1898) and 6 (1899)
  • The Tiger and Sphinx. New Series. The British Library has issues from 1924 to 1994

External Links

Historical books online

Volume 1 From its formation in 1794 to 1816 1901 Archive.org
Volume 2 from 1816-1898 including an Account of the 75th Regiment from 1787 to 1881 1903 Archive.org
There were also reprint editions in 1929.


  1. Gordon Highlanders The Long, Long Trail
  2. GordonMac CSM David Moody 12673, Gordon Highlanders Rawalpindi War Cemetery Great War Forum 03 July 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  3. Frogsmile. Sgt William Connelly, 1st Batt Gordon Highlders, NW Frontier Victorian Wars Forum 26 March 2013, now archived.
  4. Private Alexander Miller dnw.co.uk, now an archived webpage.