Veterinary Surgeon

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Information relating to Veterinary Surgeons.

An advice from Fort William dated April 12, 1827 advised that following the decision to appoint regularly educated Veterinary Surgeons, Sub -assistant Veterinary Surgeons were to be given the choice of taking their discharge, or of entering the subordinate branch of the medical staff.[1]

Records

Veterinary Surgeons were initially (and at least until the 1860s and probably the 1880s) part of the Presidency Medical Departments, which became the Indian Medical Service and which in turn was part of the Army structure. Most listings of Surgeons and Assistant Surgeons will contain a list of Veterinary Surgeons at the end.

The British Library page on the Indian Medical Service gives details of records.

Veterinary Surgeons of the Governor-General’s Bodyguard, page 296, Historical records of the Governor-General's Body Guard by Vernon Charles Paget Hodson 1910 Archive.org

Training

  • The Madras Veterinary Establishment was set up in 1810 and boys from the Military Male Asylum and the Charity School were to be trained in the veterinary art, with the eventual rank of farriers.[2]
  • British Library catalogue entry IOR/F/4/738/20145 May 1796-Nov 1822 Further papers regarding the training establishment for veterinary students at Baliganj, [Ballygunge] Calcutta
  • British Library catalogue entry IOR/F/4/661/18358 Mar 1821, in respect of Bengal: Appointment of J.T. Hodgson as Veterinary Surgeon to the Governor General's Body Guard - he is to select and train eight Assistant Apothecaries as Veterinary Surgeons for the Light Cavalry Regiments. Refer Apothecary - Duties.
  • British Library catalogue entry IOR/F/4/889/23120 Further papers regarding the veterinary training establishment at Baliganj [Ballygunge] (includes returns of students on 1 Jul 1823, and 1 Jan 1824, pp 12-13, 85-86)
  • Page 3 of "History and Scope of Veterinary Medicine" (pdf) by MA Samad and MU Ahmed talks about the history of Veterinary Medicine in the Indian Sub- continent. It advises an Army Veterinary School was established at Poona in 1862, The first Veterinary College was set up at Babugarh in 1877, followed by Lahore in 1882, Bombay in 1886, and Madras and Calcutta in 1893
  • Bombay Veterinary College was established 2 August 1886 according to this MAFSU(Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University) link. It also contains a paragraph about William Moorcroft in addition to historical information.
  • The Madras Veterinary College TANUVAS

Individuals

William Moorcroft

William Moorcroft (Wikipedia) was the first English Veterinary Surgeon at Pusa. In describing the book Beyond Bokhara: The Life of William Moorcroft, Asian Explorer and Pioneer Veterinary Surgeon 1767-1825 by Garry Alder (1985), Bill Buxton states on his exploration website:

"This is the only biography of William Moorcroft, one of the great early explorers of the region north west of India. He was a veterinarian who came to India in 1808 as Superintendent of East India Company's horses. He traveled widely, ostensibly in search of breeding stock, but this was clearly more of a pretext than fact. He undertook a journey into western Tibet in 1812, across the Garhwal Himalaya to Lake Manasarowar, Mount Kailas region, the Rakas Tal, and Gartok. Moorcroft and Hearsey were the first Englishmen in the area.
"His next major trip was to Bokhara. He left British territory in 1820, for a trip that would last until 1825. Due to civil unrest in Afghanistan, he decided to go via Ladakh and Chinese Turkistan. He waited in Leh for permission from Kashgar, during which time he traveled and explored the greater part of Ladakh, the Karakoram Pass, the head-waters of the Yarkand River, the Western Himalaya, the Karakoram and the NW Frontier. In 1824, after deciding that permission would never come , he decided to go via Afghanistan, regardless of the civil conflict there. Traveled through Kashmir and Punjab, over the Khyber Pass, across the Oxus, and got to Bokhara. He died during the return trip."[3]

Elsewhere on his site, Buxton gives a short, but fuller biography of Moorcroft, including a bibliography.

Historical books available online include

  • Travels in the Himalayan provinces of Hindustan and the Panjab, in Ladakh and Kashmir, in Peshawar, Kabul, Kunduz, and Bokhara from 1819 to 1825 by William Moorcroft and George Trebeck Volume 1, Volume 2 (Google Books).
  • "Across Afghanistan to Bokhara-Moorcroft" page 442 The Gates of India, being an Historical Narrative by Colonel Sir Thomas Holdich 1910 Archive.org

Others

  • Listen to the 1977 interview with John Clabby, British officer served with Royal Army Veterinary Corps in India, 1933- 1947. Imperial War Museums. Interview 937.

References

  1. Naval and Military Magazine Volume 3, 1828, page cxi of "Naval and Military Miscellany"
  2. Samuel, E., Asiatic annual register Vol 12 (London: 1812) p.139
  3. Buxton, Bill "Books on History and Exploration: Annotated Bibliography". Retrieved December 11th, 2009.

External links

  • "Development of Veterinary Work In India" by P M N. Informative short article held on website of Current Science, from Current Science Volume 6, Issue 11, May 1938, page 576. The article outlines the history of veterinary work in India from 1799 up to the 1930s and mentions the men who played a major role in its expansion, and is a summary of an address by Colonel Olver to the Indian Science Congress Silver Jubilee meeting in 1938.
Another summary of "Veterinary Science in India" by Sir Arthur Olver from Nature 141, 480-481 (12 March 1938).
The address by Sir Arthur Olver in his presidential address before the Section of Veterinary Research is believed to be in Proceedings Of The Twenty-fifth Indian Science Congress Part-ii 1938, pdf download, Digital Library of India.

Historical books online

A manual of the diseases of the elephant and of his management and uses by John Henry Steel 1885 Archive.org
A manual of the diseases of the camel and of his management and uses by John Henry Steel 1890 Archive.org
Tweed's Cow-keeping In India 5th edition, revised by S N Sinha, 1931 Archive.org.