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Asfi Mosque.JPG
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 26.812800°N, 80.901300°E
Altitude: 123 m (404 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Lucknow
State/Province: Uttar Pradesh
Country: India
Transport links
Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway ’(O&RR)
‘Great Indian Peninsula Rly’(GIPR
Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway’ (R&KR)
‘B&NWR Cawnpore-Burhwal Railway’

See page Lucknow Railways and Stations for details

FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period

Lucknow, a city in north-central India 500 km southwest of Delhi, was the headquarters of Lucknow District in the Lucknow Division of United Provinces during the British period.
It was the scene of a major siege during the Indian Mutiny, when the Residency was defended against great odds by a small group of soldiers and civilians, including schoolboys from La Martiniere College.

Spelling variants

Modern name: Lucknow
Variants: Lukhnow/Luknow/Lakhnao/Lakhnau/Nucklao

Military history

For details of events during the Indian Mutiny see main article Events at Lucknow

Volunteer Regiments

"Lucknow is the head-quarters of the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway Volunteer Rifles, the Lucknow Volunteer Rifles and the Oudh squadron of Light Horse"[1]


FIBIS database


Lucknow became an important railway hub for both broad and metre gauge lines, headquarters of the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway (which also had two major workshops situated close by, at Alambagh and Charbagh), and a terminus for the Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway's line from Bareilly.



  • All Saints Garrison Church - (see External links section below for photos).
  • Christ Church Cathedral
  • St Mary's at the Residency - Photos of the cemetery on the FIBIS database
  • St. Peter's the Railwaymen's Church, Charbagh, Lucknow. Built as the railwaymen's church of the Protestant Anglican communities of Charbagh and Alambagh in Lucknow, and opened in 1915. Prior to that, the congregation assembled somewhere in the present day Loco Workshop. [2]

Roman Catholic

  • St Joseph's Cathedral

Church of Scotland


Memorials of Colonial Lucknow photographs by Vineet Wal on

FIBIS database

  • Thomas Henry Kavanagh was a civilian who won the Victoria Cross for his action during the Siege. One of those inside the Residency, he disguised himself as a sepoy in order to escape undetected to the Alambagh and guide Campbell's forces into Lucknow for the Second Relief. Kavanagh's memorial in the All Saints Garrison Church can be view on the FIBIS database.



La Martiniere College

See also Schools

  • Canning College - founded 1864
  • Colvin Taluqdars' College - a Public School, established 1889
  • Jubilee High School
  • Loreto Convent - Catholic school, founded 1872
  • La Martiniere College - boys school established 1845, girls schools established 1869. Photos on the FIBIS database.
  • Reid Christian College
  • St. Francis' School and Orphanage - Catholic school, founded 1885

FIBIS resources

As well as those resources already included in appropriate sections, the following can be found on the FIBIS database:

Further Fibiwiki images may be browsed at Lucknow images

Recommended reading

  • Lucknow – Families of the Raj by Malcolm Spiers, published 2013.
A review by Richard Morgan is contained in FIBIS Journal Number 30 (Autumn 2013) page 45

External links

Historical books online


  1. Lucknow Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 16, page 197
  2. St. Peter's the Railwaymen's Church, Charbagh, Lucknow by Nikhil Katyal April 3, 2016. "Colonial Lucknow"