Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway

From FIBIwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway
[[Image:|150px| ]]
System timeline
Constituent companies / lines
Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway
Powayan Light Railway
from 1891 Lucknow-Bareilly State Railway
before 1891 Lucknow-Sitapur-Sihramau Railway
before 1891 Bareilly-Pilibheet Provincial State Railway
Key locations
Headquarters Izatnagar
Workshops
Major Stations Bareilly, Lucknow, Mailani, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur
Successor system / organisation
1943 Oudh and Tirhut Railway
System mileage
Metre gauge 331 miles (1905)
687 miles (1943)
Associated auxiliary force
How to interpret this infobox
Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway
[[Image:|150px| ]]
Line of route
Bareilly to Kathgodam
Gauge / mileage
Metre gauge 54 miles (1905)
Timeline
1882 Company registered
1884 Open to traffic
Key locations
Presidency Bengal
Stations Bhojeepura, Laikua, Haldwani
System agency
Worked by Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway
How to interpret this infobox

The Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway (R&KR) was a metre gauge(MG) railway whose northern terminus at Kathgodam served the submontane belt of the United Provinces between Lucknow and Moradabad, as well as a number of hill stations, such as Naini Tal.

The original main line from Bhojeepura(near Bareilly) opened in 1884 and ran 54 miles(84km) in a north-westerly direction to Kathgodam The railway was progressively extended and by 1912 the R&KR covered 256 miles(412km); and the R&KR also worked the Lucknow-Bareilly State Railway 296 miles(476km) and together with the Powayan Light Railway; giving a total network of 592 miles(953km) [1].

The R&KR also had working agreements with both the MG Lucknow-Bareilly State Railway and the NG Powayan Light Railway. The three railways were worked using shared facilities but retaining separate identities. See ‘Lines Worked’ and ‘Records' below

Company History

The Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway Company, Limited, was a Joint Stock Company with limited liability, having its registered office in London[2] . The company was privately owned and worked from formation in 1882

In 1883 Alexander Izat was appointed Director, prior to this he was employed by the Railway Branch - Public Works Department (PWD) where he had served in various parts of India and was instrumental in initiating and carrying out many metre-gauge extensions[3]. He represented R&KR at the Indian Railway Conference Association and remained as Director, until his retirement in 1904. In 1918 he is recorded as being R&KR Chairman with headquarters in London [4]

The R&KR remained a private Company until nationalisation in 1943 when it was amalgamated with the Bengal and North-Western Railway(B&NWR), with which it had been closely associated, and the Lucknow-Bareilly State Railway, to form the Oudh and Tirhut Railway(O&TR).

In turn, in 1952, the Oudh and Tirhut Railway became part of 'North Eastern Railway', a zone of Indian Railways.

Lines owned and operated by R&KR

Information mainly based on the “Administration Report for Railways 1918” [4].

Lines worked by R&KR

See seperate pages for further information

Lines Surveyed/Proposed by R&KR

  • ’Kathgodam-Nainital Branch’, proposed by private enterprise in 1895 for the development of Kuaon and Nainitial districts. It was to be a 2ft/610mm narrow gauge(NG) line, 13 miles(21km) line at estimated cost RS.12 lakhs. The concession lapsed in 1898 [5].
  • ’Philibhit-Sitapur Railway’, sanctioned for survey 1905-6; MG line from Pilibhit - Bisalpur to Shahjahanpur and thence to Sitapur, a length of about 105 miles(168km) ) [5]. The 'Philibhit - Shahjahanpur Section’ was constructed by R&KR as ’Shahjahanpur Extension Line’, opened 1911-16 - see above; the extension to Sitapur was still to be constructed in 1916.
  • ’Dudhwa Branch Extension’ and ‘Ramnager Ghat Extension’, first proposed in 1895 by the Agents, the R&KR, on behalf of the Lucknow-Bareilly State Railway(LBSR) – see for information [5].
  • Pilibhit-Barmedo Branch]], surveyed in 1903 by the Agents, the R&KR, on behalf of the Lucknow-Bareilly State Railway(LBSR) – see for information [5]

Records

An on-line search of the IOR records relating to this railway [6] gives many references. The most important being:-

  • L/AG/46/35 “ Records of the India Office relating to the Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway Company; 1882-1931"
  • L/F/7/2382-2391 “Collection 380: Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway, date unspecified"

Personnel Records

There are no personnel or staff records held in the India Office Records (IOR) held at the British Library 'Satow Collection'

There is a photograph dated 1911 in the Satow Collection:

"Miscellaneous Portrait Groups of Railway Officials" Photo 1082/13(4) with the following Catalogue Note [7]:-

Officers of Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway, Feb. 1911. Group portrait of railway officials, with identifications written on mount as follows:

  • front row, seated on ground: Kellie, Edwards, Welsh;
  • second row, seated: Bruce, Izat, Finlayson, Robb, Ralston;
  • third row, standing: Steyn, Bannister, Storrar, O'Brien, Irons, Young, Smith;
  • back row, standing: Sandes, Donaldson, Will, Clark, Addis

The R&KR officers detailed above have not been identified at the present time.

References

  1. Google Books “The Making of India: The Untold Story of British Enterprise” by Kartar Lalvani, page 218; Retrieved 8 Dec 2016
  2. 2.0 2.1 British Library ‘India Office Records’ L/F/8/13/977 “Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway- Contract for advance of capital and as to debentures supplemental to the Contact dated 8 Sep 1890” , 1892
  3. Grace's Guide "Alexander Izat"; Retrieved on 18 Jul 2016
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Administration Report on the Railways in India – corrected up to 31st March 1918"; Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta; page 196; Retrieved 8 Dec 2016
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 “Histories of (Indian)Railway Projects ...up to June 1906” page 42; Retrieved 3 Oct 2017
  6. “British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue” - Search; Retrieved 27 Jan 2016
  7. India Office Records “Officers of R. & K. Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway, Feb. 1911". Photo 1082/13(4)); Retrieved on 21 Jul 2016