56th Regiment of Foot

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Known as The West Essex Regiment


  • 1755 raised at Newcastle and Gateshead as the 58th Regiment of Foot under the colonelcy of Lord Charles Manners
  • 1756 became the 58th Regiment of Foot
  • 1782 became the 56th Regiment of Foot
  • 1804 2nd Battalion raised
  • 1813 3rd Battalion raised
  • 1881 amalgamated with the 44th (East Essex) Regiment of Foot to become 2nd Battalion Essex Regiment
  • 1958 merged with the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment to form the 3rd East Anglian Regiment (16th/44th Foot)
  • 1964 became 3rd Battalion of the new Royal Anglian Regiment
  • 1992 3rd Battalion disbanded

Service in British India

World War 1

The 2nd Garrison Battalion, Essex Regiment was formed in Halton Park in January 1916 and moved to India, where it then remained until the end of 1918. It was based at Nasirabad as part of the Nasirabad Brigade, 5th (Indian) Division.[1]

Charles Dixon, was in B Company based at Inkerman Barracks, Nasirabad. There is a photograph taken at Landi Kotal Fort, NWF. He was also based at Mount Abu Sanitorium in May 1918[2] This was during the hot season when many troops were sent to hill stations.

Regimental flash

The flash, also known as a pagri (puggaree) badge, or Foreign Service Helmet badge, was generally affixed to the pagri on the sun helmet. Based on the regimental nickname the Purple Pompadours, the flash was a tall strip of purple material.[3]

External links

Historical Books Online


  1. jimmybobjunior et al. Essex Regiment In India? Great War Forum 28 September 2006. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  2. Charles Dixon 1871- 1918
  3. Bates, Stuart. Wolseley Pattern Foreign Service Helmet GMIC Forum 30 Apr 2007. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  4. Stanwick War Memorial-John George Morris, 201997, Private, 2nd Battalion, Essex Regiment (Scroll down)