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St Marks Church From Cubbon Park Bangalore.jpg
Presidency: Madras
Coordinates: 12.966667°N, 77.566667°E
Altitude: 920 m (3,018 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Bengaluru
State/Province: Karnataka
Country: India
Transport links
Chikballapur-Bangalore City Railway
Madras Railway
Mysore State Railway
Southern Mahratta Railway
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period

Bangalore (now Bengaluru) became part of British India in 1809. It was the scene of a mutiny in 1832, which was unsuccessful. Bangalore is the capital of the modern Indian state of Karnataka.

Although situated in Mysore State, which was a Princely State not part of British India, the Civil and Military Station at Bangalore was an Assigned Tract under British administration.

It was the location of a major cantonment which was in existence in 1829, and perhaps established earlier. The main barracks was Baird Barracks, in Cubbon Road.

Hebbal Camp and Gaza Camp were in existence during the First World War period and Hebbal Camp continued at least until the late 1920s.

During at least the Second World War there was an Officers' Training School - O T S Bangalore.

The Royal Air Force during the Second World War had a base in Bangalore which included Jalahalli and RAF Yelahanka.

During the Second World War there were Prisoner of War Camps for Italian prisoners at Jakkur, Hebbal and Jalahalli.[1]

Also see

Military history

Battle of Bangalore 1791
Bangalore Mutiny 1832


See also Images of Bangalore


FIBIS resources

Bangalore maps


Schools and Colleges


External links

"Voyage to India (1945) Final Stage" by Des McDougall. Travelling to India, to the Officers’ Training School, Bangalore.
"A Jaundiced View" by Des McDougall. He was admitted to the BMH (British Military Hospital) in Bangalore. Includes details of the Italian POWs working in the hospital.
Nazis on the Playing Field by Gerald Wheatley mentions the O.T.S Bangalore.
Geoffrey Herbert Blake attended Officers’ Training School for six months from June 1943 after which he took up duties in Air Despatch, Royal Indian Army Service Corps. British Library Untold Lives Blog.


  • Map of Bangalore British Library Online Gallery. Although catalogued 1935, a comment states that it is more likely c 1892.
  • "Map of Bangalore", between pages 388 and 389, A Handbook for Travellers in India, Burma, and Ceylon published by John Murray, London Eighth Edition 1911

Historical books online

  • Bangalore Imperial Gazetteer of India Volume 6, page 368.
  • "Bangalore District" page 1 (digital page 63) Mysore Gazetteer Volume V: Gazetteer edited by C. Hayavadana Rao. New Edition 1930
  • "Bangalore", page 45 Report on the Medical Topography and Statistics, of the Mysore Division of the Madras Army 1844 Google Books (This report is at the rear of Report on the Medical Topography and Statistics, of the Provinces of Malabar and Canara)‬
  • Bangalore page 67, The Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal Volume 68 1847. The cantonment was classified as one of the "Stations on the Table Lands" Google Books
  • Bangalore page 89 Reports on mountain and marine sanitaria; medical and statistical observations on civil stations and military cantonments, jails - dispensaries - regiments - barracks, &c. within the Presidency of Madras, the Straits of Malacca, the Andaman Islands, and British Burmah from January 1858 to January 1862 by Inspector General of Hospitals Duncan Macpherson. 1862 Part of the series Selections from the Records of the Madras Government.
  • "Bangalore" page 411 Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Inquire into the Sanitary State of the Army in India : with Abstract of Evidence, and of Reports Received from Indian Military Stations 1864
  • Sanitary Report Bangalore 1864. Cover title is Report on the Station, Barracks and Hospitals of Bangalore. Extracted from the Proceedings of the Sanitary Commission. 1865.
  • Gazetteer Of Bangalore [District](1875) Some missing pages., mirror from Digital Library of India.
  • Bangalore Cantonment page 48 Mysore and Coorg, A Gazetteer compiled by the Government of India Volume II, Mysore by Districts by Lewis Rice 1876
  • The Civil and Military station of Bangalore, within direct British jurisdiction c 1883 page 57 Memoirs, with a Full Account of the Great Malaria Problem and its Solution by Ronald Ross 1923
  • A Roving Commission My Early Life by the Rt. Hon. Winston Churchill 1930 He arrived in India 1896, as an officer with the 4th Hussars, who were based in Bangalore. He resigned from the Army and left India 1899.
  • Indian Cavalryman by Captain Freddie Guest, 1959. Pdf download, PAHAR Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset. mirror version.
Recommended by Peter Moore in Military reading list who says "... ending the war [WW2] as the Equitation Instructor at the Officer Cadet School in Bangalore”.


  1. Pensioner’s Paradise or POW Camp ? by Aliyeh Rizvi, July 7, 2011
  2. Barbur, Shirley. Visit to India (Madras) Chennai Rootsweb India Mailing List 10 September 2015, archived.