Southern Punjab Railway
|Southern Punjab Railway|
|Line of route|
|Delhi to Samasata|
McLeod Ganj to Ludhiana
Narwana to Kaithal (branch)
|Gauge / mileage|
|Broad gauge||502 miles (1905)|
|1897||Delhi to Samasata line opened to traffic|
|1930||Line acquired by State and merged into NWR|
|Stations||Bahawalpur, Bhatinda, Fazilka, Ferozepore, Jakhai, Rohtak|
|Worked by North Western Railway|
|How to interpret this infobox|
The Southern Punjab Railway(SPR) was a broad gauge(BG) line built to provide a more direct connection from Karachi to Delhi by linking to the original Indus Valley line at Samasata and avoiding the North Western Railway loop via Lahore. 
The Southern Punjab Railway(SPR) Company was formed in 1895 with Bradford Leslie as Chairman. Under contract with the Secretary of State for India, Leslie and his partners formed the company to build a BG Railway from Delhi to Samasata about 400 miles to the west.
Horace Bell was the Consulting Engineer for SPR in London for the construction.,
The main line ran north west from Delhi to Bhatinda then south west through Bahawalpur State to Samasata, a total distance of 402 miles(643km). Several extension lines (Jullunder, Sutlej Valley etc.) extended the length to 502 miles(803km) in 1905.
The railway was worked by the North Western State(NWR) Railway (see "Records L/AG/46/34").
Purchased by Government in 1930.
SPR Network of Lines including Lines Managed and Worked
The listings below are generally based on the “Administration Report on Railways 1918”  with page numbers (and pdf pages) noted at the end of each entry.
SPR Mainline and branches BG Total line length 426 miles(685km). Page 121(pdf 130)
- ’Delhi-Samasata Mainline’, Delhi via Narwana, Jakhal, Bhatinda to Samasata, opened 1897, 399 miles(642km)
- ’Jullunder-Ferozepore Mainline', Jullunder via Karpurthala, Sultanpur Lodi, Lohian Khas, Gidarpind, Makhu to Ferozepore Cantonment, opened 1912-14, 73 miles(117km)
- ’Ludhiana-Ferozepore Line’, Ludhiana to Ferozepore, opened 1905, 77 miles(124km)
- ’Ferozepore-MacLeod Ganj Line’, Ferozepore to McLeod Ganj (a suburb of Dharamsala), opened 1906, 75 miles(120km)
- 'Kasur-Lodhran Railway', Kasur to Lodhran, opened 1910, closed and dismantled 1917-18, 208 miles(335km)
- Ludhiana via Dhuri to Jakhal, opened 1901. Managed, maintained and worked by North Western Railway (NWR) under an Agreement with the Princely Maler Kotla State Durbar and the Jhind State Durbars. The line was used by SPR linking the ’Delhi-Samasata Mainline’ at Jakhal with 'Ludhiana Extension Railway' at Ludhiana.
Refer to FIBIS Fact File #4: “Research sources for Indian Railways, 1845-1947” - available from the Fibis shop. This Fact File contains invaluable advice on 'Researching ancestors in the UK records of Indian Railways' with particular reference to the India Office Records (IOR) held at the British Library
An on-line search of the IOR records relating to this railway  gives many references. The most important being:-
- L/AG/46/39 “Records of the India Office relating to the Southern Punjab Railway Company; 1895-1914".'
- L/F/7/2607-2615 “Collection 401: Southern Punjab Railway, date unspecified"
also concerning the working of the Southern Punjab Railway by NWR.
- L/AG/46/34 “ Records of the India Office relating to the North Western State Railway",
- Wikipedia "Fazilka railway station"; Retrieved 13 Dec 2015
- “Administration Report on Railways 1918” pages 120-126 (pdf 129-134; Retrieved 18 Dec 2016
- “British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue” - Search; Retrieved Jan 2016