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Lansdowne Institute, Rawalpindi.jpg
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 33.6°N, 73.033333°E
Altitude: 500 m (1,600 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Rawalpindi
State/Province: Punjab
Country: Pakistan
Transport links
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period

Rawalpindi was the headquarters of Rawalpindi District in the Rawalpindi Division of Punjab Province during the British period. In 1907 "The cantonment is the largest and most important in the Punjab, and perhaps in India"[1]. Barracks were located in at least two areas, Victoria Barracks and at West Ridge. Roberts Barracks, an Infantry barracks, was located at West Ridge.[2]

There was an Arsenal at Rawalpindi, often abbreviated to RPA, which was located within the Fort.

The bazaar was known as ‘Lalkurti,’ which means ‘red shirt’ in English - a reference to the red coats worn by the British soldiers who were stationed there. [3]

Chaklala is an area in Rawalpindi and was the location of a cantonment and an RAF airfield. During World War 2, from 1942 RAF Chaklala was the location of a Paratroopers Training School[4]

Spelling Variants

Modern spelling: Rawalpindi written as either one or two words, Rawal Pindi
Variants: Rawul Pindi / Rawul Pindee / Rawalpindee / RP / Pindi

Churches and missions


Roman Catholic

  • Sacred Heart, West Ridge
  • St. Joseph's Cathedral


  • Rawalpindi War Cemetery findagrave.com. Database with over 350 names. This is a Commonwealth Graves Commission Cemetery for those who died during First and Second World War.
  • Gora Kabaristan Rawalpindi ----Christian Cemetery Rawalpindi. Also known as Harley Street Cemetery. “Fai-yaz Ali & Sons, Umballa & Rawul Pindi” constructed memorials in the Harley Street Cemetery.[5]

BACSA (British Association for Cemeteries in South Asia) cemetery publications are

  • Rawalpindi: Cemeteries and Churches by Susan Farrington, 1996 Covers the main Harley Street Cemetery, with additional MIs from four other cemeteries and plaques from churches.
  • Rawalpindi: A Walk round the Harley Street Cemetery by Susan Farrington, 1997.

See BACSA Books.

BACSA are in the process of putting the indexes to its cemetery books online and these indexes are free to browse. If an indexed name is of interest then application can be made to BACSA for details of the relevant burial inscription - charges apply for this service.

Also see "Historical books online", below.



  • Gordon College

Volunteer Regiments

The following had their headquarters at Rawalpindi in 1907

H Company, 1st Punjab Volunteer Rifles contained civilian residents from Rawalpindi and Murree, and had its headquarters at Murree.[1]

See also

External links

Historical books online

Gazetteer Of The Rawalpindi District 1893-94. A volume in the series Punjab District Gazetteers. Archive.org, Public Library of India Collection.
Punjab District Gazetteers, Vol.xxviiiA. Rawalpindi District 1907. Archive.org, Public Library of India Collection.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Page 228 Punjab District Gazetteers, Volume XXVIIIA, Rawalpindi District 1907, published 1909. Archive.org.
  2. Lane, Trudy Mortimer L.D. Rootsweb India Mailing List 23 January 2001, archived.
  3. "A voyage through mists of time" by Ishrat Hyatt December 11, 2015 The News
  4. Paratroopers Training School indianairforce.nic.in, now an archived page.
  5. In Memorium – Part II [Harley Street Cemetery] December 22, 2015 Noor Rathore.