|Present Day Details|
|Place Name:||Khojak Tunnel|
Khojak Tunnel was a railway tunnel in the Khojak Pass, which was situated on the railway line between Quetta and Chaman in Quetta-Pishin District, Baluchistan. Lying 1,945 metres above sea level, it was completed in 1891.
The tunnel was constructed by the ‘Sind-Pishin State Railway’(SPSR).
The ‘Quetta Link Railway’ was ordered by the British Government in 1876 as a strategic railway. The section from Ruk Junction to Sibi opened 1880, constructed by the SPSR which merged into NWR 1886; extended from Sibi via Quetta , Mushkaf and Bostan 1887. The 'Mushkaf-Bolan Section' through the Bolan Pass was a major challenge as described in the page ‘Bolan Pass Railway Construction’, the track was twice washed away and finally opened after reconstruction in 1887. The line reached Killa Abdulla, 1888;. The further section reached Chaman 1892, this required the temporary use of the ‘Khojak Rope Inclines’ from 1888 until the opening of the ‘Khojak Tunnel’ in 1892, these again were major challenges described on separate pages.
Khojak Rope Inclines
- see separate page
Prior to the opening in 1891 of the Kojak Tunnel a temporary system of ropeways were constructed over the Kwara Amran range of mountains on the Afghan frontier of India. The object was twofold:-
- “To facilitate the conveyance of machinery and stores for the western end of the tunnel and to expedite the extension of the railway beyond it”
- “As a military precaution to provide for the conveyance of troops and military stores to the front in case of need”
This temporary system was in use from 1888 for a period of three years
The work on Khojak Tunnel began on April 14, 1888 and the first steam engine rolled through the completed tunnel on September 5, 1891. The details of the construction with photographs are given in detail in the ‘Indian Railways Fan Club’ Article .
- 3.912 kms (2.415 miles). At inauguration it was the fourth longest tunnel in the world and until 2009, the longest in Pakistan .
- Around the world in the 1890s: Photographs from the World Transportation Commission 1894 - 1896, Library of Congress.Website (type Khojak Tunnel to get results)
- Khojak Tunnel on All Things Pakistan, now an archived website
- Khojak Pass with the longest tunnel in Pakistan
- ‘Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers’ Volume 112 Issue 1893, pp. 310-320 ‘The Khojak Rope-Inclines’ by W J Weightman ; Retrieved on 18 Nov 2020
- IRFCA Article ‘Khojak Tunnel’ by Owais Mughal, Dec 2006; Retrieved 24 Nov 2020
- Wikipedia ‘Khojak Tunnel’; Retrieved 24 Nov 2020