43rd Regiment of Foot

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Also known as the Monmouthshire Regiment and later The Ox and Bucks.


  • 1741 raised as Thomas Fowke's Regiment of Foot
  • 1747 renamed the 54th Regiment of Foot
  • 1747 became the 43rd Regiment of Foot
  • 1751 became the 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot
  • 1881 amalgamated with the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot, to become the 1st Battalion Oxfordshire Light Infantry.
  • 1908 became the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
  • 1958 re-titled as the 1st Green Jackets (43rd and 52nd)
  • 1966 amalgamated with the two other regiments of the Green Jackets Brigade to become the 1st Battalion Royal Green Jackets
  • 1992 1st Battalion disbanded

Service in British India

  • 1854 Bangalore, after arriving at Fort St George from England in January. The regiment was based here until '57, with various companies on detachment.
In February 1855 the 25th Regiment of Foot received orders to return to Britain and men who wished to remain in India were given leave to transfer to the 43rd Foot.[1]

Indian Mutiny

As the regiment were stationed in Madras they were not immediately involved in the Mutiny. In late 1857 they became part of the Madras Column sent to join the Central India field force with the ultimate aim or relieving Saugor. See also the Banda and Kirwee Prize Money for reward money paid to the 43rd.

Henry Addison of the 43rd was awarded the Victoria Cross for saving the life of the politcal agent at Rewah.


A partial list of stations of the 43rd Foot (by quarter) as taken from the musters rolls (at The National Archives). At most times there are several detachments stationed elsewhere, only some are noted here.

Regimental Journal

  • The 43rd & 52nd Light Infantry Chronicle 1892-1894. Volumes 1-3 are available at the British Library. Volume 3 is available online, refer below.
  • The Oxfordshire Light Infantry Chronicle , 1895(-1908). An annual record of the First and Second Battalions, formerly the 43rd and 52nd Light Infantry. Volumes 4-17 are available at the British Library
  • The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry Chronicle from Volume 18 is also available at the British Library and a broken range of editions is available at the National Army Museum

External links

Historical books online



  1. Victorian Wars Forum post, now archived, quoting page 81 of The King's Own Scottish Borderers by Trevor Royle
  2. Alfred Madgwick’s service record (service number 19150) , available on the commercial site Ancestry.co.uk, indicates that he served with the B Company No. 1 Reserve Battalion Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry from June 1916 to November 1918 stationed at Wellington (possibly Wellington Barracks, Bangalore) and Bangalore. Discussion on the Rootsweb India List, and email to User: Maureene dated 6 July 2011.