List of doctors and surgeons
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This article details some individual Doctors and Surgeons. For general information and research guidance, see the main Doctor article.
A further list of surgeons, who found fame as botanists and naturalists can be found in that article.
- Anderson - William Anderson The Diaries of Three Surgeons of Patna, 1763 edited by W K Firminger 1909. The diaries of William Anderson, Peter Campbell and William Fullarton (Fullerton) about the massacre at Patna in 1763. William Anderson died there. His diary is also published in the Calcutta Review, Volume 79 1884 page 338 "The Patna Massacre" by H Beveridge. Archive.org, mirror edition from the Digital Library of India. William Fullerton was appointed Surgeon to the Calcutta General Hospital in 1744.
- Atkinson - James Atkinson (Wikipedia) 1780-1852, who was appoined Assistant Surgeon 1802. He was a Persian scholar and artist. Among his many books is his account of the 1st Afghan War
- The Expedition Into Affghanistan: Notes and Sketches Descriptive of the Country, Contained in a Personal Narrative During the Campaign of 1839 & 1840, Up to the Surrender of Dost Mahomed Khan by James Atkinson, Superintending Surgeon of the Army of the Indus, Bengal Establishment 1842 Google Books. The Sketches were published as a separate book Sketches in Afghaunistan, 1842 consisting of 26 lithographs. NYPL Digital Gallery. The British Library Online Gallery also contains many works including a watercolour of plate 7 The opening into the narrow Pass above the Siri Bolan (Search for other images)
- Broughton - Gabriel Broughton was, perhaps, the most influential doctor in the history of British India. In the year 1636 the daughter of Mughal Emperor, Shah Jehan, was badly burnt following the upset of an oil lamp. The Emperor sent for the English ship's surgeon, Gabriel Broughton, who was able to assist her. In a later incident he treated another lady of the Emperor's harem. In reward for his services he asked that the East India Company be given a charter to trade in Bengal.
- Cumberland - Robert Bakewell Cumberland Stray Leaves from the Diary of an Indian Officer by Robert Bakewell Cumberland 1865 Google Books. The author was an Assistant Surgeon in the Bengal Medical Service from 1828, became a Surgeon 1 February 1845, and retired 20 January 1854.
- Esdaile - James Esdaile The ‘Apostle of Mesmerism in India’ Dr James Esdaile. Appointed 1831, returned to England in 1851. British Library-Untold Lives 25 January 2013
- Duke - Joshua Duke Recollections of the Kabul campaign 1879 & 1880 by Joshua Duke, Bengal Medical Service 1883 Archive.org. He initially had duties with the Staff and then took over medical charge of the 5th Goorkhas
- Dutt - Uday Chand Dutt. The Materia Medica of the Hindus by Uday Chand Dutt, late Civil Medical Officer, Serampore, ; with a glossary of Indian plants by George King, Superintendent, Royal Botanical Gardens, Calcutta Revised edition 1922 (First published 1870, most sources 1877) Archive.org. Dr Dutt had died by July 1885, mentioned here.
- Farquhar - John Farquhar Assistant Surgeon c 1794 was “better known for the large fortune which he acquired from the various speculations into which he entered", brief details are in this link Archive.org
- Fayrer - Joseph Fayrer. Recollections of My Life by Surgeon-General Sir Joseph Fayrer 1900 Archive.org. Largely devoted to his life in India. He joined the Bengal Medical Service in 1850. He was at Lucknow during the Indian Mutiny page 130 He returned to England in 1872, but accompanied the Prince of Wales on his visit to India in 1875.
- Gerard - Dr James Gerard, Surgeon accompanied the author of the following book on his journey: Travels into Bokhara; being the account of a journey from India to Cabool, Tartary, and Persia; also, Narrative of a voyage on the Indus, from the sea to Lahore, with presents from the king of Great Britain; performed under the orders of the supreme government of India, in the years 1831, 1832, and 1833 by Lieutenant Alexander Burnes 1834 Volume I, Volume II, Volume III Archive.org
- Hamilton - William Hamilton (Wikipedia), a surgeon, died 1717. In gratitude for the success of the medical treatment given to him by Hamilton, the Mughal Emperor, Furrukhsiyar, made generous gifts to the English surgeon. He also allowed the East India Company to purchase about 30 villages which enabled fortification of their position around Calcutta and greatly strengthened their trading presence in Bengal. Hamilton's profession, therefore, played a significant role in establishing the early influence of the East India Company. Photo of memorial to Surgeon William Hamilton on Fibis database
- Hendley - Thomas Holbein Hendley. A medico-topographical account of Jeypore: based on the experience of twenty years' service as Residency Surgeon and thirteen as Superintendent of Dispensaries at Jeypore, Rajputana [Jaipur] by Brigade-Surgeon Lieut.-Colonel Thomas Holbein Hendley Bengal Medical Department 1895 Archive.org
- Ireland - William Wotherspoon Ireland wrote History of the Siege of Delhi by An Officer who served there 1861 Archive.org .He became an Assistant Surgeon in 1850, and was attached to the Bengal Horse Artillery. He was wounded (reported killed) and was retired on medical grounds a few years later.
- Login - John Login worked for the Bengal Medical Service from 1832 until the young Duleep Singh last Maharajah of the Sikh Empire was placed under his care in 1849. Sir John remained his guardian until 1858. Sir John Login and Duleep Singh by Lady Login. With an introduction by G. B. Malleson 1890 Archive.org.
- McCosh - John McCosh joined the Bengal Medical Service in 1831 and retired in 1856. In 1833 he was travelling to Australia on sick leave when he was shipwrecked. He spent two years in Assam and served in the 2nd Sikh War and the 2nd Burma War, where he was a pioneer photographer. For further details see Photographer-Individuals. He also wrote poetry.
- His books and articles include
- Narrative of the wreck of the lady Munro, on the desolate island of Amsterdam, October, 1833 by J M'Cosh, Assistant Surgeon Hon. East India Company, Bengal Service 1835 Google Books
- Topography of Assam by John M'Cosh 1837. Google Books
- Medical Advice to the Indian Stranger by John M'Cosh M.D. (1841). Google Books
- "On an Overland Route Between Calcutta and China" by J McCosh MD, late Bengal Medical Staff Colburn’s United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal 1861 Part 2 page 50
- McGregor - William Lewis M'Gregor (or McGregor) 1801-1853. He gained his M.D. at Edinburgh 1825. He was appointed Assistant Surgeon 15 March 1826 and Surgeon 13 January 1842. He took part in the 1st Sikh War as surgeon of the 1st Bengal (European) Fusiliers, also known as the 1st European Light Infantry. He had also resided, for a time, at Lahore, as physician to Runjeet Singh, the Sikh leader (who died in 1839). M'Gregor wrote The History of the Sikhs Volume I and The History of the Sikhs containing an Account of the War between the Sikhs and the British in 1845-46 Volume II both published in 1846 Google Books. He describes how at the end of 1836 he performed galvanism, a type of electric shock therapy on the ailing Runjeet Singh, page 274 of Volume 1. Allen’s Indian Mail, page 673 reported M'Gregor’s death on 11 September 1853.
- Montgomerie - William 1797-1856. "Cholera on board ship at Singapore" British Library Untold lives blog 4 April 2019. Montgomerie was awarded, by the Emperor of Austria, a ring set with diamonds as a token of gratitude for the humanitarian assistance Montgomerie had rendered in Singapore in 1824, to stricken sailors from the Habsburg Empire.
- Mouat - Frederic John Mouat 1816-1897, Bengal Surgeon, was a leading figure in the field of education and prison reform, ca 1840-1870 Wikipedia. His Obituary was published in the British Medical Journal.
- Observations on the nosological arrangement of the Bengal medical returns by Frederic John Mouat Assistant Surgeon, Bengal Army, Professor of Materia Medica and Medical Jurisprudence in the Bengal Medical College 1845 Google Books
- Report on jails visited and inspected in Bengal, Behar and Arracan by Frederic John Mouat Inspector of Jails, Lower Provinces 1856 Google Books
- The British Soldier in India by Frederic J Mouat, Surgeon H M’s Bengal Army and Inspector-General of Jails, Bengal. 1859. Archive.org
- Observations on the nosological arrangement of the Bengal medical returns by Frederic John Mouat Assistant Surgeon, Bengal Army, Professor of Materia Medica and Medical Jurisprudence in the Bengal Medical College 1845 Google Books
- O'Shaugnessy - Dr. William Brooke O'Shaughnessy (1809-1889), modernised treatment for cholera, introduced cannabis to Western medicine, laid first telegraph system in Asia. Memoir of Surgeon-Major Sir W. O'Shaughnessy Brooke...etc by M Adams (1889) Archive.org
- Paske - Charles Thomas Paske joined the Bengal Medical Service in August 1852, and was posted to Burma for about two years c 1853-1855, returned to India for four years, and was then reposted to Burma c 1859 for a few more years. He wrote Myamma : a Retrospect of Life and Travel in Lower Burmah by Deputy Surgeon General C T Paske, Late of the Bengal Army 1893 Archive.org . Also published with the title Life and Travel in Lower Burmah, a Retrospect Archive.org
- Roberts - Captain J. R. Roberts, I. M. S., Agency Surgeon at Gilgit took many of the photographs in the book Making of a frontier: five years' experiences and adventures in Gilgit, Hunza, Nagar, Chitral & the eastern Hindu-Kush by Algernon Durand 1900 Archive.org, and is mentioned page xi of the Preface
- Thomson - Obituary of Assistant-Surgeon W. J. Thomson, Civil Surgeon of Gurgaon (near Delhi), who died 1863. He had “an early death” and appears to have joined the Bengal Medical Service after 1858.
- Thornton - James Howard. Memories of Seven Campaigns: a record of thirty-five years' service in the Indian Medical Department in India, China, Egypt, and the Sudan by James Howard Thornton, Deputy Surgeon General, Indian Medical Service, late Principal Medical Officer Punjab Frontier Force. 1895 Archive.org. The author was in the Bengal Medical Service 1856-1891.
- Thorold - W G. Dr Thorold, I M S travelled to Tibet, and collected botanical specimens on the expedition described in Diary of a Journey across Tibet by Captain Hamilton Bower, 17th Bengal Cavalry 1894 Archive.org
- Walford - William Walford. Autobiography of an Indian Army Surgeon: Or, Leaves Turned Down from a Journal by Wilmington Walford M.D. (published 1854) Google Books.
- Webb - Obituary of Surgeon Major Allan Webb, died 15 September 1863, age 55, entered the Bengal Medical Service in 1835. A second obituary. Obituary from the British Medical Journal. For many years from 1842, in addition to his other positions, he was surgeon to the Lower Orphan School, Calcutta, probably until his retirement, or close to it.
- Wise - T A Wise Commentary on the Hindu System of Medicine by T A Wise, M D Bengal Medical Service New Issue 1860 First published 1845. Google Books. The author joined the Bengal Medical Service 13 August 1827 and retired in 1851.
- Aldred - George Edward Aldred was appointed an Assistant Surgeon in the Madras Medical Service on the 20th of April 1847. He was court martialled for unbecoming conduct in July 1848 and dismissed, as this item from Allen’s Indian Mail 1848 shows, but subsequently reinstated.
- Annesley - James Annesley. Diseases of India by Sir James Annesley, 3rd edition. Google books. Commences with details of his career as a Military Surgeon in the Madras Presidency from 1800 until he retired in 1838, after five years on the Medical Board.
- Balfour - Edward Green Balfour (Wikipedia), appointed Assistant Surgeon in the Madras Medical Service and sailed for India 1834. Retired 1876 as Surgeon General of Madras Presidency. Pages from History: Edward the green Balfour Madras Musings March 16-31 2010."Edward Green Balfour (1813–1889) and his contributions to Indian agriculture and forestry" by Anantanarayanan Raman. Current Science, Volume 106, No. 11, 10 June 2014.
- Cornish - William Robert Cornish (Wikipedia). Appointed Assistant Surgeon Madras 1854. Retired in 1885 as head of the Madras Presidency Medical Services
- Gilchrist - William Gilchrist was appointed an Assistant Surgeon 17 January 1830, and c early 1840s was medically in charge of the animals at the Public Cattle Depot, Hoonsoor
- Lucas - Colly Lyon Lucas joined the EIC’s service 9 January 1764. "A Lucas Family: From Ireland to India" by David Atkinson FIBIS Journal Number 26 Autumn 2011, pages 11-25
- McPherson - Duncan McPherson (MacPherson) became an Assistant Surgeon in 1836. He was the author of Two Years in China: Narrative of the Chinese Expedition, from its formation in April, 1840, till April, 1842 : with an appendix, containing the most important of the general orders & despatches published during the above period by Duncan McPherson, MD, Madras Army, Attached to the Service of His Highness the Nizam and lately with the 37th Grenadier Regiment in China. 1842 Google Books
- Paterson - Papers of Surgeon Colin Paterson Assistant Surgeon, Madras from 1832. Served until at least 1857. Includes his Document of Commission. Wellcome Library Digital Collection. RAMC/217.
- Ross - Ronald Ross (Wikipedia). Madras Medical Service 1881-1899. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on malaria, researched while he was in India.
- Memoirs, with a Full Account of the Great Malaria Problem and its Solution by Ronald Ross 1923 Archive.org. He recounts receiving very little official support for his research.
- Burnes - James Burnes was awarded in 1837 the civil decoration of the Guelphic Order for his services in India. He wrote A Narrative of a Visit to the Court of Sinde: a sketch of the history of Cutch, from its first connexion with the British government in India till the conclusion of the treaty of 1819; and some remarks on the medical topography of Bhooj by James Burnes, Surgeon to the Residency at Bhooj 1829 Reprinted 1831 (1829 edition) Google Books
- The third edition was Narrative of a Visit to the Court of Sinde at Hyderabad on the Indus: With a Sketch of the History of Cutch, and an Appendix by James Burnes, Bombay Army 1939 Google Books. Additional contents compared with the 2nd edition, but without the "medical topography of Bhooj"
- Carter - Henry Vandyke Carter 1831-1897 (Wikipedia) provided the drawings for the famous medical text book Gray’s Anatomy. He later joined the Bombay Medical Service where he had a distinguished research career and was Principal of the Grant Medical College Bombay.
- Obituary in the British Medical Journal dated 15 May 1897
- Details of his youth and final years in Scarborough
- “Happy Birthday, Gray’s Anatomy” by Adrian E Flatt. 2009. Contains some biographical details.
- Dr Vandyke Carter, Doctor from History of Leprosy, an initiative of the International Leprosy Association
- ”Causation Controversies in India: the Leprosy Career of Henry Vandyke Carter” Chapter 2, page 55 (online page 67) from Leprosy in the Bombay Presidency 1840-1897 Perceptions and Approaches to its Control . A PhD thesis in History by Shubhada S Pandya 2001
- List of Carter Papers in the Wellcome Institute, with a Biographical Note
- Haines & Joynt -Housing Shortages in Bombay in the 1860s 27 May 2014 British Library untold lives blog . Includes mention of Surgeon R Haines, and Assistant Surgeon C Joynt, Surgeon to the Jail and House of Correction in Bombay
- Jukes - Andrew Jukes from Encyclopedia Iranica. Appointed Assistant Surgeon 1798.
- Kennedy - Narrative of the Campaign of the Indus in Sind and Kaubool in 1838-9 by Richard Hartley Kennedy M.D. Chief of the Medical Staff of the Bombay Division of the Army of the Indus. 1840 Volume 1 Volume 2. Google Books. Also Notes on the Epidemic Cholera by R H Kennedy Surgeon Bombay Presidency. Published at Calcutta 1827 Google Books
- Seward - George Edward Seward joined the Bombay Medical Service in 1855. His service included that of Medical Officer and Cantonment Magistrate at Baroda, where he was instrumental in discovering poison in the cup given through the Gaekwar’s agents to Sir Robert Phayre in 1874, later giving evidence at the famous Baroda trial. 
- Sylvester - John Henry Sylvester was appointed to the Bombay Medical Service in 1853. His book Recollections of the campaign in Malwa and Central India: under Major General Sir Hugh Rose by Assistant Surgeon John Henry Sylvester 1860 Google Books is about the campaign during the Indian Mutiny. C 1875 he wrote a manuscript which was published in 1971 by Macmillan, London under the title Cavalry surgeon : the recollections of Deputy Surgeon-General John Henry Sylvester, Bombay Army
Indian Medical Service
- Barber - Charles Harrison Besieged in Kut, and after by Major Charles Harrison Barber I M S 1918 Archive.org
- Basu - Satyen Basu, a doctor from Calcutta, joined the Indian Medical Service early in the Second World War and served with the Allied forces in Iraq, Syria and North Africa. His unit surrendered near Tobruk in 1942 and he was transported to a POW camp in southern Italy, not far from Naples. His story is told in "An Indian POW in Italy" (scroll to the bottom of the page for part 1). amitavghosh.com (retrieved 2 May 2014). Also see A Doctor in the Army by Satyen Basu (Calcutta 1960)
- Guthrie - James. Abstract of an article "‘It seems he is an Enthusiast about Tibet’: Lieutenant-Colonel James Guthrie, OBE (1906–71)" by Alex McKay, Journal of Medical Biography Volume: 13 issue: 3, page(s): 128-135 Issue published: August 1, 2005. Of the more than 20 officers of the Indian Medical Service who served in Tibet during 1904–50, when British Indian diplomats were stationed in that Himalayan state, James Guthrie was perhaps the most successful both in gaining the goodwill of the Tibetans and in advancing the reputation of medicine there. A Scotsman, Guthrie served in various military hospitals in India before his posting to Gyantse in southern Tibet in 1934–36, and during World War II he rose to be Assistant Director of Medical Services at the 10th Army headquarters in Teheran and Baghdad. In 1945 he was posted to the Tibetan capital of Lhasa as Medical Officer to the British mission there. With his wife, who had nursing experience, he remained there until 1949.
- Limaye - Captain Gopal Gangadhar Limaye received a temporary commission in the Indian Medical Service in early 1918 . He was with the 87th Punjabis 1918-1921. He saw action in Mesopotamia and was involved in operations against the Kurdistanis in 1919 and in quelling the Arab Rebellion in 1920. He wrote War Memoirs , in Marathi , in 1939: Sainyaan'tiila Aat'havand-ii or Sainyatil Athavani Archive.org mirror version from Digital Library of India, where the Introduction is in English. (The author is catalogued as Limaye Go Gan'). Some excerpts in English may be found in “Yet another Indian First World War memoir found!” November 14, 2012 amitavghosh.com. (retrieved 10 May 2014).
- Obituary of R Markham Carter 1875-1961 from the British Medical Journal, with an additional tribute (ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc) A large part of his career was in Bombay. He was renowned for the stand he took in respect of the appalling conditions suffered by casualties at Basra in Mesopotamia during the First World War.
- His evidence about Mesopotamia National Archives online exhibition. He is also quoted in "Wounded in Mesopotamia" greatwardifferent.com, now an archived page.
- Mesopotamia Commission Hansard 04 July 1917. Mentions Major Carter
- Article with photograph The World's News (Sydney, NSW} : 22 September 1917 trove.nla.gov.au
- Mukherji - Captain Kalyan Kumar Mukherji, I M S arrived in Mesopotamia in 1915. After the fall of Kut he was sent to a prisoner-of-war camp at Ras al-‘Ain, Syria where he died in 1917. He was posthumously awarded the Military Cross. His letters to his family were incorporated into a book, in Bengali, available online on the Digital Library of India website, catalogued as Kalyan-Pradip by Mokshada Debi (two book files) Archive.org mirror version 1; Archive.org mirror version 2 from Digital Library of India. Some excerpts have been translated into English by Amitav Ghosh. Scroll down to the entry The ‘Home and the World’ in Iraq 1915-17: Part 1 to commence. For the final posts, scroll down to the bottom three posts. Written July- August 2012 amitavghosh.com (retrieved 10 May 2014). Article in The Calcutta Review January 1937, page 83 with photograph. Archive.org.
- O'Meara - I’d Live it Again by Lieut.-Col Eugene John O’Meara, Indian Medical Service (rtd) 1935. Archive.org, mirror from Digital Library of India. The author is catalogued as Meara. An autobiography. He joined the IMS in 1898.
- Scriven - Captain Robert Douglas Scriven of the Indian Medical Service was awarded the Military Cross for his escape in 1942 from a Japanese P.O.W. camp, following the fall of Hong Kong in December 1941 His story is told in this obituary of Colonel Tony Hewitt.
- Shortt- Henry Edward. Listen to the 1985 interview with Henry Edward Shortt Imperial War Museums. British officer who enlisted at the onset of war and served as Medical Officer with the Indian Medical Service attached to 33rd Cavalry Regt in India and Mesopotamia, 1914-1918.
- Spackman - W.C. Imperial War Museums catalogue entry: Private Papers of Colonel W C Spackman: Ts memoir (331pp) covering his service as Regimental Medical Officer to the 48th Pioneers, 6th Indian Division in Mesopotamia, 1914 - 1915, at Kut during the siege, December 1915 - April 1916, and as a prisoner of war in Anatolia, 1916 – 1918. An edited version has been published: Captured at Kut, Prisoner of the Turks: The Great War Diaries of Colonel William Spackman, edited by Colonel R.A. Spackman.
Royal Army Medical Corps and the earlier British Army Medical Services
- Adams - Andrew Leith Adams (Wikipedia) travelled to India in 1849 with the 64th Regiment of Foot and remained for seven years. Wanderings of a naturalist in India: the western Himalayas, and Cashmere by Andrew Leith Adams MD (1867) Google Books.
- Girdwood - Reminiscences of Professor R H Girdwood, Royal Army Medical Corps, WW2 scotsatwar.org.uk
- Gordon - Recollections of thirty-nine years in the Army : Gwalior and the Battle of Maharajpore, 1843, the gold coast of Africa, 1847-48, the Indian Mutiny, 1857-58, the expedition to China, 1860-61, the siege of Paris, 1870-71, etc. by Sir Charles Alexander Gordon Surgeon- General 1898 Archive.org
- ”Page 85 The author transferred into the 10th Regiment of Foot by purchase: “at this date  regimental appointments in India had their market value”
- Our trip to Burmah. With notes on that country by Surgeon-General Charles Alexander Gordon, Army Medical Department, Principal Medical Officer, British Forces, Madras Presidency. 1877 Archive.org
- Gosse - Memoirs Of A Camp Follower (1934) by Philip Gosse. Archive.org, mirror edition from the Digital Library of India. Full title/some editions: Memoirs of a Camp-Follower : a Naturalist Goes to War. At least one later edition published under the title A Naturalist Goes to War. The author was a doctor RAMC, in France and Belgium 1915-1917, in the 69th Field Ambulance, 23rd Division, then appointed Rat Officer to the 2nd Army, who subsequently served in India, based at Poona, 1917-1918. Review of the book. JRAMC. Scroll to the end.
- Howlett - "Lost in the Desert. A Frontier Incident" by Arthur Waltham Howlett (Major, RAMC), page 328 The Empire Review catalogued as The Commonwealth & Empire Review Volume 34, 1920 Archive.org. This incident occurred in the extreme west of Baluchistan, near the border with Persia and Afghanistan. He also wrote Many Camps : Sketches of Indian Life 1912, (articles republished from the Manchester Guardian) available at the British Library UIN: BLL01001749857, and also available to those in areas such as North America on Google Books and HathiTrust Digital Library. The latter book describes "travel all over the Raj, from Robat on the Persian Border, the Baluchistan desert, to hill stations and jungle rivers, from desert winters to monsoon rains", so possibly the 1920 article dates to this period. He also wrote The Gunrunners and other Ballads 1912, available at the BL UIN: BLL01011837010 . Howlett, born 1880, joined the Indian Medical Service 1907 and exchanged into RAMC 1913 and was appointed Major 1919.
- Laing - "The Journal of Patrick Sinclair Laing Assistant Surgeon, 86th Regiment, 1842-1848" by H B Eaton. Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research Vol. 62, No. 250 (Summer 1984), pp. 74-89. Register and read online for free. jstor.org. The diary extracts commence October 1844.
- Online draft of this article Wellcome Library RAMC/1582, catalogued as "Draft of "The journal of Patrick Sinclair Laing, assistant surgeon, 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot, 1842 to 1847, in India"". Note, the draft is longer, and has information from 1842.
- Lassen - Brigadier Peter Lassen 23 Apr 2004 The Telegraph. Born 1908, he joined the RAMC in 1934. Initially posted to a military hospital in Rawalpindi, he saw action on the North West Frontier in the Mohmand Campaign of 1935 and in the Khaisora operation of 1936-37. He left India in 1940.
- Le Quesne - “War in Burma-the Award of the Victoria Cross to Ferdinand Simeon Le Quesne" (pdf) by PH Starling from Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps March 2009, now an archived page. The award was for action in Burma 4 May 1889 when he was a Surgeon Captain with the 2nd Norfolk Regiment. He would have been part of the British Army Medical Services at this time, not the Indian Medical Service. He had later (broken) service in Burma and India until 1909.
- Mainprise - Cecil Mainprise. Field Force to Lhasa 1903-1904. Fifty letters home by Captain Cecil Mainprise of the Royal Army Medical Corps who took part in the Tibet Expedition. His obituary in the British Medical Journal 3 March 1951 indicates he had further service in India, including the 3rd Afghan War of 1919.
- Master - Typescript diary formed of extracts from letters by Surgeon Captain Alfred E. Master, Army Medical Service, re campaigning with the Queens Regiment against the Afridi tribes on the North-West Frontier of India (The Tirah Campaign). Wellcome Library Digital Collection, catalogue reference RAMC/185.
- McGrigor - Sir James McGrigor, later Director-General of the Army Medical Department, spent a short time in Bombay and Ceylon with the 88th Regiment of Foot from mid 1799. Chapter VI of his autobiography
- Oates - *'"A Woman Doctor" by Dr. Ivy Oates, nee Nicholls. She qualified in July 1941, joined the Army in September 1942 and was subsequently posted to India Part Three, Part Four, Part Five BBC’s WW2 People’s War (Part One Part Two)
- Preston - Alexander Francis Preston Surgeon-Major Alexander Francis Preston: The REAL Dr Watson: The Victorian army medic who was the inspiration for Sherlock's trusty sidekick by Annabel Venning 2 February 2012 www.dailymail.co.uk. He was medical officer with the 66th Regiment of Foot and was wounded in the Battle of Maiwand, an action in the 2nd Afghan War. Photograph, with details from The Wardrobe.
- Thomsett - Kohat, Kuram, and Khost; Or, Experiences and Adventures in the Late Afghan War by Richard Gillham-Thomsett, Surgeon, Army Medical Department 1884 Archive.org. He was initially appointed to the 20A Battery of Artillery.
Royal Air Force
- Fringe of the Clouds by Air Marshal Sir Philip Livingston 1962 Archive.org Lending Library. Includes "Chapter 5 India with the Royal Air Force 1920-1922" page 97. The author was a medical officer with the RAF, based at Ambala.
- Theodore Ludvig Frederick Folly was a Danish surgeon who worked in the Danish colony of Tranquebar “The Medical Skills of the Malabar Doctors in Tranquebar, India, as Recorded by Surgeon T L F Folly, 1798” by Niklas Thode Jensen, PhD student Med Hist. 2005 October 1; 49(4): 489–515.
- Sir Paul Jodrell was physician to the Nawab of Arcot. Scandal and ruin in 18th century Madras British Library Untold Lives blog, 12 July 2013.
- Dr John Martin Honigberger 1795-1865 was physician to the court of Lahore for periods from 1829 to 1849 and known to his Sikh contemporaries as Martin Sahib. The Sikh Encyclopedia Thirty-five years in the East: Adventures, discoveries, experiments, and historical sketches, relating to the Punjab and Cashmere; in connection with medicine, botany, pharmacy, etc. Together with an original materia medica; and a medical vocabulary, in four European and five Eastern languages by John Martin Honigberger, late Physician to the Court of Lahore 1852 Google Books. The article "From the Land of Dracula to an English Rectory, vai the Sikh Court and India's Forests" by Peter Hubert FIBIS Journal Number 26, Autumn 2011, pages 2-10.
- John Williamson Palmer 1825-1906 was an American doctor, appointed, in Hong Kong, surgeon on the EIC war steamer Phlegethon (Bengal Marine). The previous surgeon, returning from a dinner party had slipped overboard and was drowned. The Phlegethon took part in the 2nd Burma War in 1852-1853 and The golden Dagon, or, Up and down the Irrawaddi: being passages of adventure in the Burman Empire by John Williamson Palmer 1856 Google Books details his experiences. He also wrote "The Chorus of the Palanquin Bearers", a description of his transit through Cossitollah Street, Calcutta.  Biographical details 
- Medical Missions : as illustrated by some letters and notices of the late Dr. Elmslie. Printed for the Edinburgh Medical Missionary Society 1874. Archive.org. Dr. Elmslie (William Jackson), born 1832, arrived in Srinagar in 1865 to work for the Kashmir Medical Mission, and died in 1871.
- At work : letters of Marie Elizabeth Hayes, M.B. Missionary Doctor Delhi, 1905-8 1909 Archive.org
- A Glimpse of India being a collection of extracts from the letters Dr. Clara A. Swain, first medical missionary to India of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church in America 1909 Archive.org
- Clara A. Swain, M.D.: first medical missionary to the women of the Orient by Mrs. Robert Hoskins. 1912 Archive.org
- Palace of Healing: the story of Dr. Clara Swain, first woman missionary doctor, and the hospital she founded [at Bareilly] by Dorothy Clarke Wilson 1968. Archive.org Lending Library
- Beyond the Pir Panjal : life among the mountains and valleys of Kashmir by Ernest F. Neve 1912. Archive.org. The author was a doctor who worked at the Kashmir Medical Mission.
- Pennell of the Afghan frontier; the life of Theodore Leighton Pennell, M.D., B. SC., F.R.C.S. Kaisar-i-Hind medal for public service in India by Alice Maud Pennell 1914. Dr Pennell of the Bannu Medical Mission died at the age of 44.
- Jungle Days being the experiences of an American Woman Doctor in India by Arley Munson, M.D. 1913 Archive.org. The author joined c late 1900s the Wesleyan Mission at Medak, sixty miles from Hyderabad.
- Shelton of Tibet by Flora Beal Shelton 1923 Archive.org. Dr Albert Leroy Shelton, 1875-1922, was a medical missionary, for the Foreign Christian Missionary Society of Cincinnati, USA, from 1903 until killed by bandits.
- "The amazing adventures of Sue in Tibet and her creator" by Tricia Kehoe 16 March 2016. BBC News.Dorris Shelton Still was the daughter of Dr Albert Shelton and his wife Flora, and spent her childhood in Tibet. Includes photographs.
- "German-Speaking Medical Exile to British India 1933-1945" by Margit Franz. Website of Institut für Südasien-, Tibet- und Buddhismuskunde, Universität Wien. From the 2010 book Helmut Konrad, Stefan Benedik (eds.), Mapping Contemporary History II. Exemplary fields of research in 25 years of Contemporary History Studies at Graz University/Exemplarische Forschungsfelder aus 25 Jahren Zeitgeschichte an der Universität Graz. [Limited selection from] pages 61- 86 Google Books.
- Many doctors are mentioned by name. These doctors were mainly Jewish. Between the years 1933 and 1938, there were three waves of forced emigration to British India. The first started in the year 1933 with German doctors. A second wave started with Jewish refugees coming from Italy. The Austrian exodus after the German occupation in March 1938 formed the third wave of medical refugees coming to British India, at which point Czech and Hungarian Jewish medical refugees started joining the population of refugees.
- Margit Franz is the author of Gateway India. German-speaking Exile to India between British colonial rule, Maharajas and Gandhi. There is an interview with Dr. Margit Franz in a 2017 article "From the Reich to the Raj" (jewishstandard.timesofisrael.com).
- World War II in British India by Hermann M. Selzer, M. D. Born a Polish Jew, he studied medicine in Germany and Italy and worked with his wife, as doctors in Lahore from the late 1930s. In December 1940, the family was arrested and taken as enemy aliens to first Purandhar and then Satara internment camps in Southern India until August 1946, when they were released and returned to Lahore. gaebler.info
- Laura and Charles Hope were Baptist medical missionaries from Australia, for most of the period 1893 to 1934, as described in the Australian Dictionary of Biography.
- Topography of Assam by John M'Cosh 1837, page vi
- Roll of the Indian Medical Service 1615-1930 by D.G. Crawford
- Dublin University Magazine Volume 29, 1847, page 546 Google Books
- Asiatic Journal Volume 23, 1837, page 72 of the section “Asiatic Intelligence”
- De White Seward Rootsweb India Mailing List, 13 Apr 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
- London Gazette Tuesday 18 August 1942 Supplement: 35670 Page: 3601
- Obituary of Colonel Tony Hewitt www.telegraph.co.uk 17 Aug 2004, archived page.
- The Autobiography and Services of Sir James McGrigor, bart., late Director-General of the Army Medical Department, with an appendix of notes and original correspondence, Chapter VI, page 92 1861 Google Books
- Reprinted in Oliver Wendell Holmes, poet, littérateur, scientist, page 330 by William Sloane Kennedy 1883, Archive.org, originally from Atlantic Monthly, January 1858
- "Words for the hour": a new anthology of American Civil War poetry, edited by Faith Barrett, Cristanne Miller Google Books