Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway

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Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway
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System timeline
1908 Formed from 2 exisitng systems
Constituent companies / lines
1908 Madras Railway
1908 Southern Mahratta Railway
Key locations
Headquarters Madras
Workshops Perambur ; Dharwar/Hubli
See M&SMR Railway Workshops
Major Stations
Successor system / organisation
1951 Southern Railway (IR zone)
System mileage
Broad gauge 1092 miles (1943)
Metre gauge 1712 miles (1943)
Associated auxiliary force
Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway Rifles
How to interpret this infobox
M&SMR Railway System 1937 Map

The Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway(M&SMR) was formed in 1908 from the merger of the 'Madras Railway'(MR) and the 'Southern Mahratta Railway'(SMR). [1]


Having taken the MR into state ownership and created the new system, the Government of India (GoI) immediately passed the working of the M&SMR to a private company of the same name.

The GoI took over direct control of the M&SMR on 1 April 1944.

On 14 April 1951, the M&SMR, the South Indian Railway(SIR) and the Mysore State Railway(MSR) merged together to become Southern Railway, a zone of Indian Railways.

M&SMR Collieries and Coal Supplies

See separate pages

Railway Workshops

The former MR Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Workshops at Perambur became the M&SMR main workshops. In Madras there was a separate repair-shop for the locomotives and another for maintaining the carriages and wagons.[2]

For further information M&SMR Railway Workshops see seperate page

M&SMR Riles Regiment

See seperate page Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway Rifles

Railways absorbed into M&SMR

Railway leased to M&SMR

Lines worked by M&SMR at some time


Refer to FIBIS Fact File #4: “Research sources for Indian Railways, 1845-1947” - available from the Fibis shop. This Fact File contains invaluable advice on 'Researching ancestors in the UK records of Indian Railways' with particular reference to the India Office Records (IOR) held at the British Library

An on-line search of the IOR records relating to this railway [3] gives many references. The most important being:-

  • L/AG/46/33 “Records of the India Office relating to the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway Company; 1882-1930"
  • L/F/7/1513-1526 “Collection 266: Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway; date unspecified"

Personnel Records

Unfortunately there are no Staff agreements held at the British Library in the India Office Records.

The last Europeans were recruited in 1926. Percy Morris who worked on the M&SMR 1925-1955[4]