Rajputana-Malwa State Railway

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Rajputana-Malwa State Railway
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Line of route
Ahmadabad to Delhi
Agra to Delhi
Agra to Cawnpore
Ajmer to Khandwa
Rewari to Fazilka
Gauge / mileage
Metre gauge 1783 miles (1905)
1879 miles (1943)
1873 First section open to traffic
1877 Construction of Ajmer Workshops begun
1895 First locomotive built in India at Ajmer Works
Key locations
Presidency Bengal
Stations Agra, Ahmadabad, Ajmer, Bareilly, Bhatinda, Cawnpore, Delhi, Fazilka, Indore, Jaipur, Khandwa, Rewari, Rutlam
System agency
1873 State agency
1900 Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway
How to interpret this infobox
Rajputana-Malwa State Railway

The Rajputana-Malwa State Railway (RMSR) was both the first railway in India to be constructed to Metre Gauge(MG) standards, and the first railway to be built and operated under the auspices of the (British) Government of India(GoI)


Originally called the Rajputana State Railway(RSR), the initial construction in 1873 and 1874 was to link Delhi to Agra via Alwar and Bandikui. In 1875, the line had extended as far as Ajmer with the aim to reach Ahmadabad and to connect to the Broad Gauge (BG) of the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway(BB&CIR).

In 1877 the Ajmer Workshop was established see seperate page

In 1879, the RSR was again authorised to build new lines in metre gauge.

In 1881-82, the Rajputana-Malwa State Railway (RMSR) was created amalgamating, under single management, existing State Railways:-

All these railways were worked by Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway(BB&CIR) State Railways; all worked by BB&CIR. [1] [2] [3] [4]

The separate identity of RMSR remained only for a shortwhile and its management was handed over to BB&CIR on 1 January 1885.

In 1895, the first steam locomotive to be entirely built in India was turned out of Ajmer Works.

In 1900 the RMSR was merged into the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway(BB&CIR), becoming the latter's Metre Gauge(MG) section; known as Ratlam Division of BB&CIR.

Associated Military Force


An on-line search of the India Office Records (IOR) records held at the British Library relating to this railway [5] gives the following:-

  • L/F/8/12/895; “Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway Company, Contract as to maintenance, management and working of the Rajputana Malwa Railway by the company”; 24 Sep 1884
  • R/2/188/392; “File 7/1901 Contract between the Secretary of State for India and the B.B.& C.I. Railway revising with effect from the 1st July 1900, the arrangements for working the Rajputana-Malwa Railway and other lines”; 1901


See also the predecessor Rajputana State Railway

Further Information