North Western Railway
|North Western Railway|
|Line of route|
|Karachi to Quetta|
Karachi to Lahore
Lahore to Delhi
Lahore to Peshawar
|Gauge / mileage|
|Broad gauge||3186 miles (1905)|
6861 miles (1947)
|1886||Formed by merger of several railways, viz:|
Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway
Indus Valley State Railway
Punjab Northern State Railway
|1930||Southern Punjab Railway merged into NWR|
|How to interpret this infobox|
|North Western Railway|
North Western Railway device
|1886||State owned and State worked|
|Constituent companies / lines|
|1886||North Western Railway|
|Dandot Light Railway|
|Jammu and Kashmir Railway|
|Southern Punjab Railway|
|Workshops||Lohore(Moghalpura), Karachi, Multan, Saharanpur|
see also NWR Railway Workshops
|Major Stations||Amritsar, Ferozepore, Hyderabad, Meerut, Multan, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Saharanpur, Sibi|
|Successor system / organisation|
|1947||[West] Pakistan Railways|
|1947||Eastern Punjab Railway (Indian Railways)|
|1952||Northern Railway (IR zone)|
|Broad gauge||3890 miles (1905)|
|Narrow (2' 6") gauge||132 miles (1905)|
|Narrow (2' 0") gauge||6 miles (1905)|
|Associated auxiliary force|
|North-Western Railway Battalion|
|How to interpret this infobox|
The North-Western State Railway (NWR) was formed in January 1886 from the merger of the Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway, the Indus Valley State Railway, the Punjab Northern State Railway, the eastern section of the Sind-Sagar Railway and the southern section of the Sind-Pishin State Railway. 
The military and strategic concerns of Afghan-Indian border were such that Francis Langford O'Callaghan, was posted from the State Railways as "engineer-in-chief for a number of demanding railway projects, surveys and constructions on the north-west frontier" . These were initially military and strategic projects and became part of the NWR network on formation in 1886. The Bolan Pass Railway Construction was completed in 1886. The Khwaja Amran Railway Survey in 1887 included the Khojak Tunnel and the Chaman Extension Railway. The Khojak Tunnel opened in 1891 and the railway reached Chaman on the Afghan border.
Later renamed the North Western Railway, by 1905 it was the longest railway under one administration and the strategic railway of the north-west frontier. In 1947, one part became the nucleus of Pakistan's railways, with 4976 of the old system's 6861 miles lying within the new state; the part lying in India was reorganised and renamed as Eastern Punjab Railway.
North Western Railway - Lines operated and worked
- NWR Commercial Section
- NWR Frontier (Military) Section
- NWR Narrow Gauge Northern Frontier Section
- Lines worked by NWR at sometime
- Lines surveyed by NWR
NWR Coal Supplies
From an early daate the NWR estabished their own collieries to supply coal for their operations.See separate pages for more information:-
- Khost Colliery - owned and worked by NWR, opened in 1877 and closed on unknown date.
- Dandot Colliery - owned and worked by NWR, opened in 1894 and closed 1911.
- Sharigh Colliery - owned and worked by NWR, opened in 1894 and closed on unknown date.
- Bhaganwala Colliery - owned and worked by NWR, opened in 1894 and closed 1899.
NWR Sleeper Supplies
See separate pages for further information
- Changa Manga Forest Operation. By 1884 the NWR found itself starved of sleepers that were vital in running services on its network. This operation had been established in 1864 and started supply of sleepers in 1884
- Marala Sleeper Works, opened 1917, closed and transferred 1922-23
- Dhilwan Sleeper Works, opened 1923
- Paikhel Quarry Railway, owned by NWR, in use 1939-42
See separate pages for more information:-
- FIBIS Gallery Album Railways/NWR/H V O WATERS Collection He served as a travelling Inspector of Coaching and Goods Accounts, NWR 1907-1917. Includes a
- map of the railway network. To enlarge, click on the icon at the top left hand corner of the map.
- L/AG/46/34; “Records of the India Office relating to the North Western State Railway”; 1893-1924
- L/F/8/18/1419; “North Western Railway, Book of contracts relating to lines worked by the NorthWestern Railway Office of the Chief Examiner of Accounts”; date unspecified
North Western Railway Personnel gives details of NWR staff from several sources:-
- “India Civil List 1890”  and the " India List and India Office List, 1905"  for Public Works Department Railway Branch or State Railways personnel deployed to NWR gives a number of entries. The most notable of these have been listed.
- "Grace's Guide ” for notable personnel 
- "National Archives from the RAIL collection” 
Associated Auxiliary Force
- North-Western Railway Battalion. Includes mention of armoured trains
- North Western Railway School, Fairlawn, Mussoorie.
- Picture of the teachers and students of St. Andrew School, Pakistan Railways (then NWR) at Lahore, set up in the late 19th century panoramio.com, now archived.
- Berridge, Percy Stuart Attwood. Couplings to the Khyber: the story of the North Western Railway. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1969.
Good coverage of the largest Indian railway system, especially from a civil engineering perspective. Lacks a bibliography and poorly annotated. [Slides of the photographs used form a collection deposited at the Cambridge South Asian Archive together with copies of the North Western Railway Magazine, the monthly staff magazine edited by the author.]
- North Western Railway Magazine.
Monthly staff magazine. Some editorial content published in Urdu . No BL holdings. 2 copies (November 1942, December 1945) are held in the Berridge Papers, Cambridge South Asian Archive.
- Terry Case, North Western Railway. Includes a section about Hal Waters (refer photograph album above)
- "History of Northern Railway", Northern Railway.
- Quetta to Lahore by Rail 1925 All Things Pakistan, now an archived website
- "Breakup of the North Western Railway and the Anglo-Indian community" by Kenneth Hugh Staynor. indiaofthepast.org
- Images of British Steam Locomotives used by North Western Railways Ghilzai:panoramio.com, now archived.
- An old photograph of a Railway Inspection trolley with removeable sailboard used on NWR Hyderabad-Kotri, Sindh, Pakistan. Ghilzai:panoramio.com, now archived.
- Photograph of Troops travelling by train taken by Private J W Linley of the 2nd Battalion, The Northamptonshire Regiment compiled whilst serving in India 1923-1938. flickr.com/photos/northampton_museum
Historical books online
- Some railway personnel in 1898. Page 179 Quarterly Civil List for the Punjab: Corrected up to 1st October 1898 Archive.org
- " Administration Report on the Railways in India – corrected up to 31st March 1918"; Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta; page 106; Retrieved 20 Dec 2015
- Institution of Civil Engineers "Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland - O'Callaghan, Francis Langford "; Retrieved on 9 Jul 2016
- "The Imperial Gazetteer of India" v. 21, p. 14.; Retrieved on 13 Jul 2016
- “British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue” - Search; Retrieved 30 May 2016
- Fibis Records, scans of original ”
- " India List and India Office List, 1905" Retrieved on 30 May 2016
- “Grace’s Guide”; Retrieved 30 May 2016
- “National Archives” ”; Retrieved 30 May 2016